Landscape Design Basic Guidelines

Landscaping or Landscape design is the art process of the arrangement or modification of and area, may it be a yard, somewhere urban or other places for the sake of aesthetics and practicality. There are two major divisions of landscape design namely, hardscape and softscape. People who practice the trade are already well-versed with the concepts that will make the viewer perceive the landscape.

There are 4 concepts that can make the landscaping designer change the viewer’s perception of the landscape. The four concepts are proportion, transition, balance and unity. All of these concepts are put together for a successful and aesthetic landscape design.  


Proportion is the idea of sizing the materials and components of the landscape and make sure that the objects are fit and in proportion with each other in terms of size. You can say that a landscape is in proportion if proper transitioning is applied in the landscape.  

Transition is the changing gradually of positioning and aesthetic by manipulating the design elements, coloring, scaling, forms, lining, structure and texture. This is enhanced by simply putting an additional element of landscaping that suits the area, this would break it down into a more detailed perspective that is easier for the viewer to perceive. Transitioning have a couple of concepts which includes plant formation, lining, text formation, focal point and color theory.  

Balance is the comparison of two parts, segments or components of a landscape. Unity, however is the effective use of all the concepts put together to create a theme coherent enough for it to be aesthetic. Unity is the proper use of the elements to make out a theme. Balance is more specific while unity is more general in terms of the concept in landscaping 


Landscaping is not entirely science, it’s more focused on design and art. This is why landscapers also need to take into account their knowledge for horticulture. Knowing the right plant for the right theme and design for the right climate in the right part of the landscape completely adds up to everything there is to know about foundation planting.  

Since this article states that landscape design is more on the artsy side and not the science side, the homeowners are the ones with the final say on what should and what should not be a part of the design. People tend to have different tastes with the theme and usually they take account with the following: Choice of hardscape, formal styling, informal styling, and plant choices.  

People are often disagreeing on the overall design and style of the landscape while also factoring in the individual components of the actual design of the landscape like plants, waterworks, decks, etc. There are also two major areas landscapers can fall into when it comes to styling landscapes, formal landscape design and informal style.  


Landscape designers and landscape architect are both practicing and studying landscape design. That is why both of them require a program and a full-fledged educational knowledge regarding the topic to fully understand landscaping.